Kyabra

Desi Chickpea

  • High yielding – approximately 4% higher than Jimbour
  • Superior seed size and quality
  • Excellent early vigour - ideal for deep sowing
  • Improved plant height and harvestability
  • Good lodging resistance
  • Kyabra is susceptible to ascochyta

    Kyabra is significantly taller than Jimbour, which is an advantage for harvestability, particularly when deep planting, or in country with melon holes, rocks or sticks. In most cases Kyabra flowers and matures slightly earlier than Jimbour. This is a benefit when growers are trying to harvest around summer storm events. Kyabra has superior early vigour to Jimbour and is well suited to the practice of deep sowing. Kyabra is not prone to lodging and has similar frost tolerance to current available cultivars.

     

     

    Sowing Rate:

    Sowing Chickpea yields show a marked response to time of sowing. Ideally sow at 5 – 8 cm deep into good moisture. Chickpeas can also be deep planted when seeking moisture, however, only high quality seed (high germination and high vigour) should be used and seeding rates will need to be increased. Seeding rate can be calculated by: Seeding rate kg/ha = 100 seed weight (grams) x target plant population x 10 ÷ establishment percentage

     

    Maturity:

    Medium maturity – similar planting time to PBA HatTrick and Jimbour

     

    Pest Resistance:

    Aim to separate chickpea crops at least 500m from last season’s chickpea stubble. If sowing downhill from last year’s stubble or on a floodplain, 1km is preferred. Cultivation and burial of chickpea stubble will help reduce the spread of ascochyta inoculum. Seed should always be inoculated with Thiroflo® to assist in the control ascochyta and botrytis. Application of Apron® XL may also be warranted if there is a risk of phytophthora root rot. Heliothis are the major insect pests of chickpeas, reducing yields and quality. Crops should be regularly monitored from flowering until seed maturity.

     

    EPR:

    A seed royalty applies to all sales of Kyabra, NOT an end point royalty.

     

    PBR:

    This variety is registered under Plant Breeders Rights (PBR) in Australia. Unauthorised commercial propagation or any sale, conditioning, export, import or stocking of propagating material is an infringement under the Plant Breeders Rights Act (1994). Any breach of this legislation will leave the grower liable for prosecution.

     

    Performance

     

    Disease Resistance/Tolerance:

    Kyabra has the same level of ascochyta susceptibility and phytophthora resistance as Jimbour. Kyabra demonstrates suitable tolerance to the widely used post-plant, pre-emergent, broadleaf herbicide Balance than Jimbour, Howzat and Amethyst.

     

    Variety Management/Agronomy:

    The guidelines below are considered to be the most important agronomic factors based on optimum performance. Varieties may still perform satisfactorily outside these guidelines. Contact your Seedmark seed distributor or consultant for recommendations for your local conditions.

     

    Annual rainfall: Desi type chickpeas require more than 350mm annual rainfall.

    Soil type: Chickpeas are best suited to well-drained loams and self-mulching clay soils of good water holding capacity. Acidic, saline and / or sandy textured soils are generally unsuitable. Avoid poorly drained soils - waterlogging tolerance is poor.

     

    pH: Chickpeas prefer neutral to alkaline soils pH 6.0 – 8.0 (water).

     

    Area of adaptation: Kyabra has similar maturity and disease reaction to Jimbour and is broadly adapted to the same production areas. It is suitable for the Western region of Queensland and the Inner Downs and should also have a good fit in Central Queensland. Kyabra is also highly suitable for north west NSW.

    Take care with seed inoculation. Treat seed with fungicide first, then apply inoculant separately just before sowing. Avoid inoculating directly into airseeder and planter bins as the seed will need to dry for a short period prior to being sown. Newly inoculated seed is often sticky and does not flow properly. This can cause uneven seed flow, resulting in patchy establishment across the paddock.

    Chickpeas

    The chickpea or chick pea is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. It is also known as gram, or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean. First grown in Australia as a commercial crop in Goondiwindi during the early 1970s. It is now an important crop in northern farming systems.