Rhodes Grass

Chloris gayana

 

  • Highly palatable
  • Productive stoloniferous grass which grows in a wide range of soil types
  • Highly suited to companion legumes such as Siratro, Burgundy Bean and Glycine

 

    Description:

     

    Callide Rhodes grass is a highly palatable and productive stoloniferous grass which grows in a wide range of soil types. It is highly suited to companion legumes such as Siratro, Burgundy Bean and Glycine. Its late flowering and good palatability, making it ideal for quality grazing and/or hay making. Grown extensively in the coastal regions of Queensland and Northern New South Wales, Callide responds well to both moisture and fertiliser.

     

    Callide is a giant tetraploid type and is later flowering than Katambora, thus can remain leafier over summer when compared to Katambora. However it needs higher fertility soils and is less cold tolerant than Katambora. It may require higher rainfall to persist and can be more productive and palatable under conditions of higher fertility.

     

    Katambora Rhodes Grass is a highly stoloniferous, versatile plant that will grow in a wide range of soil types. It displays greater drought tolerance and the ability to grow on lower fertility soils (such as spear grass country). It is an earlier flowering variety that is well suited to hay production. Katambora will cope with a wider variation in soil moisture conditions than other varieties and will cope with periodic waterlogging. Making it a useful variety in heavy Cilgai country where it competes aggressively with weeds.

     

    Katambora is a diploid and has finer leaves and stems; it can persist under low fertility than Callide, has better tolerance to low temperature and can remain leafy and productive into autumn.

     

    Species Origin:

     

    Africa, reported to be introduced into cultivation by Cecil Rhodes, South Africa in 1895

     

    Plant Characteristics:

     

    Drought tolerant – tussocky plants with deep root system enabling survival during periods of drought.

     

    Invasive and persistent – capable of rapid establishment with aggressive runners/stolons which roots readily at the nodes.


    Persistent – widely adapted to tropical and subtropical climates, may require a minimum of 500mm rainfall for better performance.


    Perennial growth habit – can survive between seasons and provide seed-bank with excellent seedling regeneration.


    Adaptation – can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including soils with salinity problems; poor tolerance to waterlogging and flooding.


    Easy establishment – can be easily established with surface planting.


    Uses – widely grown summer stoloniferous perennial for grazing and erosion control; for grazing with better results obtained when grown with a legume.

     

    Seed Characteristics:

     

    Seeds are small and light – with over 4 million seeds/kg. Thus, for seed handling such as seeding, ProTech coated seeds will provide advantages.

     

    Recommended Seeding Rate: 

     

    Planting Rate (kg/ha): Marginal Dryland 5-7, Good Dryland 8-12, Irrigated 15-20

    Tropical Grasses

    Tropically adapted grasses come in a wide range of species adapted to varying conditions. Many summer crops grown today are annual tropical grasses. Perennial tropical grasses offer the same benefits in terms of growth response to moisture & temperature and dry matter production.