Garnet

Burgundy Bean

Key Features

 

  • Hardy, non-bloating summer legume
  • Growth habit can vary depending on environment
  • Suitable for grazing or hay
  • A late maturing variety selected for long growing season, high rainfall environments
  • Good drought and cold tolerance
  • Recruits readily from seed for extended stand life under good management
  • Greater autumn growth and cool season stay-green than previous burgundy bean cultivars
  • Suits a wide range of soils and 550mm+ rainfall

    Garnet is a legume from the Macroptilium family. Suitable forgrazing in mixes, monoculture or for hay production, it displays good drought, grazing and cold tolerance for sub-tropical environments. Garnet establishes easily and also performs very well in combination with selected grasses.

    Garnet is suitable for a wide range of soil types from sandy loams to heavy clays. It will grow on into the late autumn, providingmore palatable feed, unlike other varieties. Its persistence under grazing is for 2-3 years and will regenerate from hard seed levels.

    Garnet provides high feed quality and its large seeds assist with rapid establishment.

     

    Variety Management/Agronomy:

     

    Growth habit - Burgundy Bean is easy to establish and can quickly provide a canopy suitable for grazing. It is a persistent perennial due to its robust root system, and can continually produce new shoots. Its twining nature allows for growth in mixes with grasses and adds to productive value. It requires specific rhizobium for effective nodulation. Best regrowth can be obtained when the crop is fully established due to its capacity to

    store food reserves in the root.

     

    Uses - Suitable for both grazing or hay production. It is also suited to weed or erosion control. The Burgundy bean offers an alternative to lucerne, butterfly peas or lablab as a pasture or for fodder/forage production and it performs very well in combination with selected grasses.

    Burgundy bean is highly palatable, readily eaten by cattle and can be selectively grazed out. Management needs to be employed to maximize the production from Burgundy bean either alone or in mixes with grass, giving greater live-weight gains, comparable to other legumes. Unlike lucerne, it does not cause bloat problems.

     

    Adaptation - Burgundy Bean is widely adapted and persistent with its ability to regenerate. Pods shatter allowing good distribution of seed. Seedlings can readily develop from hard seed banks within the soil. Care must be taken in early developing stands to allow a hard seed bank to develop.

     

    Specific Management - Burgundy Bean is a short-lived perennial. It will rely on seedling recruitment for ongoing stand persistence beyond 2-3 years, such that older stands will become a mix of older crowns and newer seedlings. Burgundy Bean will pod and seed readily, with pods that shatter and disperse seed up to several metres away from the parent plant. Due to its palatability, management intervention may be required to ensure that the Burgundy Bean has periodic opportunities to set seed, particularly in younger stands. Garnet’s late maturity will give greater forageproduction within the growing season.

     

    Sowing Rates:

    Despite the large seed, Burgundy Bean should ideally be sown shallow with good soil-seed contact. Establishment of surface sown seed may not be as effective. Seed should be planted when soil temperatures exceed 17 degrees C. Care should be taken not to plant in the hottest summer weather.

     

    Recommended planting rates for Garnet AgriCOTE Burgundy Bean are:

    Stand Alone: 3-5Kg per Hectare In Mix: 2-5Kg per Hectare Irrigated: 6-10Kg per Hectare.

    Tropical Legumes

    Unlike tropical grasses, Tropical legumes are often more digestible, have higher protein & energy. Whilst monocultures of tropical legumes can be grown, often they are used in conjunction with tropical grasses to improve the overall quality of tropical pasture systems.