USA Buffel Grass

Cenchrus ciliaris

  • Earlier maturing and shorter than Gayndah or Biloela
  • The heads has light purple coloration and thus distinguishable from these two varieties
  • It is more suited to the light and medium texture soils

    Download a copy of the USA Buffel Grass factsheet.

     

    Species origin:

    Africa and India

     

    American or USA Buffel Grass is earlier maturing and shorter than Gayndah or Biloela.  The heads has light purple coloration and thus distinguishable from these two varieties.  It is more suited to the light and medium texture soils. Buffel grass is the most widely planted sub-tropical grass on the fertile loams of central and northern parts of Australia.  It is a hardy, palatable and very productive grass that responds quickly to moisture and fertility.

     

    Plant characteristics:

    • Drought tolerance – regarded as most tolerant introduced grass in Australia.
    • Persistent – a persistent, deep rooted and tufted perennial.
    • Adaptation – suited to tropical and semi-tropical conditions; quick to respond to light falls of rain, suited to 300mm – 900mm rainfall areas; difficult to establish on heavy clay soils and may not survive prolonged waterlogging.
    • Growth habit – although flower early, they will continue to produce new leaves and shoots during flowering.
    • Uses – grown mainly for grazing or erosion control and can withstand heavy grazing pressure; can cause ‘bighead’ in horses (due to high oxalate at certain stag of plant growth).

     

    Seed characteristics:

    Seeds are light and fluffy i.e. tends to adhere together – thus, coated seeds can provide better handling for seeding.  Bare seeds average at 500,000 seeds/kg.

    Seed dormancy can occur, especially in freshly harvested seeds.

     

    Seeding Rate:

    • Bare seed at 1-4kg/ha
    • Coated seeds at 2-8kg/ha
    Tropical Grass

    Any warm-season grass including species such as Paspalum, Rhodes grass, Digit grass, Panic grass, Kikuyu, Setaria etc.