Rhodes Grass

Rhodes Grass - Chloris gayana

Species origin:

Africa, reported to be introduced into cultivation by Cecil Rhodes, South Africa in 1895

Varieties - Katambora and Callide

Katambora is a diploid and has finer leaves and stems; it can persist under low fertility than Callide, has better tolerance to low temperature and can remain leafy and productive into autumn.

Callide is a giant tetraploid type and is later flowering than Katambora, thus can remain leafier over summer when compared to Katambora. However it needs higher fertility soils and is less cold tolerant than Katambora. It may require higher rainfall to persist and can be more productive and palatable under conditions of higher fertility.

Plant characteristics

  • Drought tolerant – tussocky plants with deep root system enabling survival during periods of drought
  • Invasive and persistent – capable of rapid establishment with aggressive runners/stolons which roots readily at the nodes.
  • Persistent – widely adapted to tropical and subtropical climates, may require a minimum of 500mm rainfall for better performance.
  • Perennial growth habit – can survive between seasons and provide seed-bank with excellent seedling regeneration.
  • Adaptation – can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including soils with salinity problems; poor tolerance to waterlogging and flooding.
  • Easy establishment – can be easily established with surface planting.
  • Uses – widely grown summer stoloniferous perennial for grazing and erosion control; for grazing with better results obtained when grown with a legume.

Seed characteristics

Seeds are small and light – with over 4 million seeds/kg. Thus, for seed handling such as seeding, ProTech coated seeds will provide advantages

Seeding rate

  • Bare seeds 1-4kg/ha
  • Coated seeds 2-12kg/ha

Callide Rhodes is a highly productive, palatable and persistent perennial grass. It has excellent drought and cold tolerance. Due to its aggressive growth habit, it is also suited to acid and sandy soils of low fertility.