Persian Clover

  • Vigorous, large leafed, soft seeded annual clover
  • Establishes quickly, even when sown late
  • Tolerates waterlogging and mild soil salinity
  • Suitable for forage, fodder cropping, HDL mixes or annual mixes



    Lightning (Trifolium resupinatum var. majus) is a soft seeded Persian Clover with an erect growth habit that demonstrates mid season maturity and can provide high levels of early growth compared to other soft seeded Persian Clovers. This earlier maturity makes Lightning well suited to areas of medium rainfall. As Persian Clover has an indeterminate flowering habit, it can take full advantage of extended seasons should they occur.


    Lightning produces large numbers of thin walled, hollowed stems which contribute to the variety being erect and bushy in appearance. Lightning is well adapted to various soil types and is tolerant of waterlogging and mild soil salinity. It is very palatable and produces a highly digestible feed (16-24% crude protein) that is well suited to hay, grazing or silage production and can be successfully used in pasture mixes with ryegrass or oats to increase winter productivity. Lightning Persian Clover is an effective disease break in cropping rotations and has ability to fix high levels of soil nitrogen. Lightning will also assist in management of problem weeds including those that are herbicide resistant. When cut for hay or silage, problem weeds will also be removed prior to maturity giving an opportunity to reduce the weed seed bank.





    Lightning demonstrates mid maturity flowering at approximately 145 days after sowing. As the flowering habit is indeterminate flowering times can vary depending on the season.


    Pest Resistance:


    All Persian Clovers are susceptible to Red Legged Earth Mite (Halotydens destructor) and control measures need to take place prior to seeding or soon after germination.




    Lightning has been granted protection under PBR. Unauthorised commercial propagation or any sale, conditioning, export, import or stocking of propagating material of this variety is an infringement under the Plant Breeder’s Rights Act 1994. Heritage Seeds Pty Ltd has an exclusive licence for the production and marketing of Lightning.


    Key Features:


    • Shows good early vigour
    • Offers excellent winter and early spring production
    • Adapted to a large range of soil types, especially lighter soils
    • Suitable for grazing, fodder, green manure and High Density Legume mixes
    • Excellent pioneering plant, especially on acid soil


    Key Benefits:


    • Lightning offers far greater flexibility than Shaftal in medium maturity areas. It’s early growth out produces Shaftal through the winter yet it can continue to produce if moisture persists
    • Lightning is highly suitable for use in pasture mixes with ryegrass or oats, this will allow for higher winter productivity


    Disease Resistance/Tolerance:


    Lightning is resistant to Clover Scorch (Kabatiella caulivora), but is susceptible to attack by Rust (Uromyces trifolii-repentis).


    Variety Management/Agronomy:


    As Lightning is a soft seeded variety it will require re-sowing. It is recommended that Lightning can only be used as a one year rotational crop as problems with Rust (Uromyces trifolii-repentis) can become an issue. Lightning is well suited to hay, silage and grazing. Regrowth after cutting or grazing is excellent and under irrigation two cuts in spring are possible.


    Annual Ryegrass

    Annual ryegrass is generally sown for a high quality short-term winter crop, providing multiple grazings in winter and spring. It is generally used for 6-9 months prior to sowing a summer crop, or to make the most of a growing season rainfall where late season rain is unreliable.