Tuscan red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a tap rooted legume that has been bred for high yield with improved persistence under grazing. It has good summer growth and some drought tolerance, but little winter growth. It provides excellent quality feed during summer and autumn. It is an early flowering cultivar with a smaller leaf size.
Tuscan is suitable for most farm types. It performs best on free draining soils under moderate stocking rates, long summer grazing rotations or hay production. Under high stocking rates or fast summer grazing rotations its persistence is reduced.
Red clovers contain phyto-oestrogens so care should be taken if feeding to breeding stock during mating. This mainly applies in the late summer and autumn periods when red clover is growing well. Phyto-oestrogen levels vary between red clover cultivars.
Red clover is commonly sown as a component of a perennial pasture in summer dry areas, to boost summer growth and feed quality. It is often used as a specialist stand for hay or silage. Tuscan should be included in pasture mixes at a rate of 4 kg/ha.